Himachal Pradesh | Rivers | Details
Himachal pradesh is one of the most beautiful states in India. There are many rivers are flow in Himachal Pradesh. They are also known as the natural beauty of Himachal Pradesh. These rivers are the major part of Himachal Pradesh economic life.
In this article, we will discuss the famous rivers of Himachal Pradesh and also have a look at some of the major tributes of these rivers.
1) The Satluj
Vedic Name: Satudri
Sanskrit Name: Shatadru
Origin: The Satluj originates from the ‘Rakas Lake’ near the ‘MANASAROVER LAKE’ in Tibet. It enters India at Shipki La (pass) in Kinnaur district.
The course of a river: It flows through Kinnaur, Shimla, Kullu, Solan, Mandi and Bilaspur districts.
Length: 320km in HP
The largest artificial lake Govind sager is on satluj.
Exit: It leaves Himachal Pradesh to enter the plains of Punjab at ‘Bhakhra’.
Prominent settlements on its bank: The prominent settlements on the bank of Satluj are Rampur, Kalpa, Suni, Bilaspur, Mangia, and Tattapani.
Tributaries of Satluj
a) Spiti river: It originates from the Kunzum range. This river flows through Spiti valley and meets Satluj at ‘Namgia’ in Kinnaur district. ‘Tegpo’ and ‘Kabzian’ streams are its tributaries.
b) Baspa River: It originates from the Baspa hills in district Kinnaur and joins Satluj near Karcham (Kalpa).
c) The Nogli khad: It joins Satluj below Rampur Bhushahr. The Satluj enters Mandi district near Firnu village.
2) The Beas
Vedic Name: Arjikiya
Sanskrit Name: Vipasha
Origin: It originates from Beas Kund near Rohtang Pass (old name: Bhrigu Tung)
Length : 256km in HP
The course of a river: It flows through Kullu, Mandi, Kangra, and Hamirpur districts.
Prominent settlements on its bank: The prominent settlements on the bank of Beas are Manali, Mandi, Kullu, Pandoh, Naggar, Sujanpur, Dehra- Gopipur, Bajaura.
Tributaries of Beas:
a) Parbati River: It originates in the snowy wastes upstream of Manikaran in Kullu and joins a Beas at Shamshi in Kullu valley. Hot water springs of Manikaran pour their water into this river. Manikaran and Kasol are important settlements along this river.
b) Banganga: It arises from the southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range and joins Beas in the Kangra valley.
c) Baner khad: It arises near Palampur and drains the central part of Kangra valley.
d) Chakki river: It arises from the southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range and joins Beas near Pathankot. Nurpur is an important settlement along the Chakki river.
e) Sainj river: It rises from the water divide of the Beas and the Satluj rivers. It joins Beas near Larji.
f) Suketi river: This river is a tributary of Beas in the Kangra valley. It rises from the south-facing slopes of the Dhauladhar range.
g) Tirthan river: It flows into the Beas near Larji.
h) Uhl river: It joins Beas near Mandi
Other tributaries of Beas include Awa, Gaj Khad, Harla, Luni, Manuni and Patlikhul.
3) The Chenab
Vedic Name: Asikni
Origin: The Chenab is made up of two streams called the Chandra and the Bhaga. These two streams meet at Tandi to form the river Chenab.
The course of a river: It flows through Lahaul-Spiti, Chamba.
Exit: It leaves Himachal Pradesh to enter the plains of Kashmir at ‘Sansari Nala’.
Length : 122km in HP
Largest river of HP in terms of volume of water.
Prominent settlements on its bank: The prominent settlements on the bank of Chenab are Tandi, Udaipur
Tributaries of Chenab:
a) Chandra River: It originates from Chandra Tal lake in Lahaul Spiti.
b) Bhaga River: It originates from Suraj Tal lake in Lahaul-Spiti.
c) Other Tributaries: Miyar Nullah joins Chenab in Lahaul, Saicher Nullah joins it in Pangi valley. Others include Jammu Tavi and Munawarwali.
4) The Ravi
Vedic Name: Purushani
Sanskrit Name: Irawati
Origin: It originates from Bara Banghal as a joint stream formed by the glacier-fed ‘Bhadal’ and ‘Tant Gari’
The course of a river: It flows through Kangra and Chamba districts.
Length: 158km in HP
Exit: It leaves Himachal Pradesh to enter the Kashmir at ‘Kheri’.
Prominent settlements on its bank: The prominent settlements on the bank of Ravi are Chamba, Bharmaur, Madhopur.
Tributaries of Ravi:
a) Bhadal River: It rises from the snowy range of the area lying between the Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges in the Bara Banghal area of the Central Himachal Pradesh.
b) Siul River: It rises from the tract between the Dhauladhar and Pir Panjal ranges near Jammu and Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh border.
c) Baira River: It rises from the snows on Southern slopes of the Pir Panjal range in Himachal Pradesh.
d) Tant Gari River: This river rises as a small stream from the slopes of an off-shoot of the Pir Panjal range in the area East of Bharmaur in Chamba district.
5) The Yamuna
Vedic Name: Kalindi
Origin: The Yamuna originates from the ‘Yamunotri ’ glacier on the Bunderpunch range in Uttarakhand. It enters India Himachal at ‘Khadar majri’ in the Sirmaur district.
The course of a river: It flows only through the Sirmour district of Himachal Pradesh.
Exit: It leaves Himachal Pradesh near ‘Tajewala’ and enters into Haryana.
Shortest river in himachal pradesh.
Prominent settlements on its bank: The prominent settlement on the bank of Yamuna is Paonta Sahib.
Tributaries of Yamuna:
a) Giri river: It arises from ‘Kupar peak’ just above Jubbal town in Shimla district. It divides the Sirmour district into two equal parts that are known as Cis-Giri and Trans-Giri regions. It joins Yamuna upstream of Poanta below Mokkampur. Jalal and Asni are further the tributaries of the Giri river.
b) Jalal river: It arises from ‘Dharthi ranges’ adjoining Pachhad of Sirmour. It joins Giri at Dachau.
c) Tons: It arises as two feeder streams- the Rupin and the Supin river which meet at ‘ANTIWAR’ to form Tons. The Tons join the Yamuna at Kalsi near Dehradun. Pabbar is a tributary of Tons.
d) Pabbar: It arises from the ‘CHANDERNAHAN’ glacier in the Rohru area of Shimla district and joins Tons at the base of ‘Chakarata’ massif near the border of U.P and H.P. Patsari and Andhra are tributaries of Pabbar.
e) Andhra: It arises from a small glacier near Chirgaon in Shimla district. It merges with Pabbar at Chirgaon.
f) Patsari: This River originates from the lower Himalayan hills near Kharapathar in Shimla district and joins Pabbar near the hamlet of Patsari.
g) Bata river: It arises near the Dharthi range and joins the Yamuna at Bata Mandi.
Himachal is full of natural resources. The rivers flow over mountains and spread in plains. These rivers are the lifeline of state agriculture. They are providing irrigation to electricity to the state people.