Beas River-Himachal Pradesh
The Beas River is a river in north India. The river rises in the Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows for some 470 kilometers to the Sutlej River in the Indian state of Punjab. Its total length is 470 kilometers and its drainage basin is 20,303 square kilometers large.
The river serves as a source of water for the cities and villages along its banks. It played an important role in the development of the distinctive culture among the people of the Kullu Valley, Bajura, Tihra, Dehra-Gopipur, Mandi, and Pandoh.
History Of Beas River (H.P)
Beas’s name is derived from Rishi Beas. The Beas river originates in the northern part of India just below Rohtang Pass from Beas Kund. The river was also known as Arjikuja of the Vedas, or Vipasa to the bygone Indians, and the Hyphasis to the former Greeks.
The present name “Beas” is has a notion to be a double trading of the older and original name “Vipasha” in Sanskrit. Vipasha, meaning the “one who removed the bondage”.
Veda Vyas is the eponym of the river Beas, the author of Indian epic Mahabharata; he is said to have created it from its source lake, the Vyas Kund. In modern times it’s also been called Bias or Bejah. The Beas River marks the easternmost border of Alexander the great’s conquests in 326 BCE. It was one of the rivers which created problems in Alexander’s invasion of India.
The Course of the Beas River (H.P)
The Beas River flows from a height of 14,308 ft at Rohtang Pass, Himachal Pradesh, from where it flows through the Kullu valley towards the south, adding from various mountains bound tributaries. The river crosses Mandi and turns west, flowing into the Kangra valley at Sandhol at 1,940 ft above sea level.
The river is divided into three directions, which join back after crossing Mirthal at 980 ft above sea level. The Beas meets the Shivalik Hills in Hoshiarpur and turns north, creating a boundary with the Kangra district, separating the Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur districts. Coming down from the valley, it enters into Punjab at Kapurthala, and turns south and meets into the Sutlej River at Harike, at around 470 km.
Highlights of Beas river (H.P)
- Beas’s name is derived from Rishi Beas.
- The river rises from the Beas Kund in the Pir Panjal range near the Rohtang Pass.
- Vedic name: Aarijika; Sanskrit name: Bipasha.
- Districts on the bank of Beas river Kullu, Mandi, Hamirpur, and Kangra
- Tributaries-Parbati,Awa,Baner,Banganga,Chakki, Gaj Khad, harla, luni, Manuni, Patlikhul, Sainj, Suketi, Trithan, Uhl etc.
- Water Eclipse Area- 12000 square kilometer
- The total length of Beas in the State is 260 km.
- Tirthan river joins Beas at Larji
- Pandoh Dam and Pong Dam are the major dams built on River Beas.
- The place where ‘Beas Rishi’ and ‘Beas Kund meat to form RIVER BEAS Palachan village
- Beas leaves Himachal at a place called Mruthal in Kangra district of Himachal pradesh.
Dams on the Beas River (H.P)
- Pandoh Dam
- Pong Dam
Pandoh Dam on Beas River (H.P)
The Pandoh Dam is an embankment dam on the Beas River in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh, India. Under the Beas Project, the dam was completed in 1977 and its primary purpose is hydroelectric power generation. Part of a run-of-the-river power scheme, it diverts the waters of the Beas to the southwest through a 38 km (24 mi) long system of tunnels and channels.
The water is used for power generation at the Dehar Power House before being discharged into the Sutlej River, connecting both rivers. The powerhouse has an installed capacity of 990 MW. The system diverts 256 cumecs (9000 cusecs) of Beas waters to the Satluj River. The project was completed in 1977.
Pong Dam on Beas River (H.P)
The Pong Dam, also known as the Beas Dam, is an earth-fill embankment dam on the Beas River in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India, just upstream of Talwara. The purpose of the dam is water storage for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. As the second phase of the Beas Project, construction on the dam began in 1961 and was completed in 1974.
Important Tributaries of river Beas (H.P) :
Awa River :
Rises from the Dhauladhar range in the Kangra valley of Himachal Pradesh. It flows in a South-Westerly direction before joining the river Beas.
Banner River :
It is also known as Baner Khad. It is a tributary of the Beas river and drains the central part of the Kangra valley. The Baner Khad rises as a small snow-fed channel on the Southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range near Palampur. The general direction of the flow of the Banner River is towards South-West.
Banganga River :
It joins the Beas river in the Kangra valley. It rises from the Southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range. the river is fed by snowmelt waters and channels emanating from springs. Large fertile sediments have been formed all along the river near its mouth.
Chakki River :
It drains the South-Western part of Himachal Pradesh. The Chakki river rises as a small snow-fed and rain-fed stream from the Southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range. The river enters Punjab near Pathankot and joins the Beas river.
Gaj Khad :
It rises as a small stream from the snows on the Southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range in Kangra district. A number of small streams form the Gaj Khad. The Gaj river joins the Beas river a little upstream of the Pong dam lake ( now known as Maharana Pratap Sagar ).
Harla River :
Harla river rises as a small channel from the snows in the depression of the North-Western plank of Kullu valley. It joins the river Beas near Bhuntar ( Kullu airport ). Numerous snow-fed streams join the river Harla.
Luni River :
Luni rises from the South slopes of Dhauladhar in the Kangra valley. It merges with the river Beas in the central part of Kangra valley.
Manuni River :
It rises from the Southern slopes of the Dhauladhar range and joins the river, Beas. Steep slopes form the upper catchment of the Manuni river. There is a sharp fall in its gradient huge river terraces that occurs on both sides of the river bed, which are used for cultivation extensively.
Parbati River :
It rises in the snowy Wastes upstream of Manikaran on the foothills of the main Himalayan range in Kullu district. The glacier which feeds this river descends down from the steep Southern slopes of the main Himalayas. It joins the river Beas at Shamshi in Kullu valley.
Patlikuhal River :
This river is a tributary of the Beas river in the Mandi area of Kullu district. It rises from the snow on the Southern slopes of the Pir Panjal range and thereafter it flows into the Beas river upstream of Kullu.
Sainj River :
It rises from the water divide of the Beas and Sutlej rivers in the lower ranges of the main Himalayas to the East of Kullu. Thereafter it flows towards South-West to join the Beas river. It cuts a V-shaped valley along its course and its direction of flow is South-west.
Suketi River :
This river is a tributary of the Beas river in the Kangra valley. It rises from the South facing slopes of the Dhauladhar range. A number of small channels join the Suketi river in its upper reaches. The river has formed huge terraces, most of which are under cultivation. The upper catchment of the river consists of steep slopes.
Tirthan River :
It starts at the base of the Himalayan mountain range in South-East Kullu and flows in a South-Westerly direction, meeting Beas at Larji.
It originates in the Northern side of the Dhauladhar mountain range of Himachal Pradesh and joins Beas at Mandi. Most of its course is through the mountainous regions of Kangra.